Terms to Know

 

personalized medicine - medical treatment tailored to an individual's needs, based on their unique genetic profile 

 

PGx (pharmacogenomics) - the analysis of how genetics interacts with drug efficacy and toxicity

 

panel - a test for the variations present in DNA

 

gene - a segment of DNA that is the instructions for one protein; the molecular unit of heredity

 

genetics - the study of genes and heredity

 

genome - the complete genetic information of an organism

 

nucleotide - molecules that are the building blocks of nucleic acids, like DNA

 

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) - the cell's instructions for development, survival and reproduction

 

chromosome - long thread of coiled DNA; one from each parent

 

GINA Act (Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act) - passed by congress in 2008 to prohibit employers or insurance companies from using your genetic information to discriminate against you